Paul Klee (1879 – 1940) was a Swiss-born German artist. His highly individual style was influenced by movements in art that included expressionism, cubism, and surrealism. Klee was a natural draftsman who experimented with and eventually deeply explored color theory, writing about it extensively; his lectures "Writings on Form and Design Theory", published in English as the "Paul Klee Notebooks", are held to be as important for modern art as Leonardo da Vinci's A Treatise on Painting for the Renaissance. <\p>
Klee's artworks are difficult to classify. He generally worked in isolation from his peers and interpreted new art trends in his own way. He was inventive in his methods and technique. Klee worked in many different media – oil paint, watercolor, ink, pastel, etching, and others. He often combined them into one work. He worked with canvas, burlap, muslin, linen, gauze, cardboard, metal foils, fabric, wallpaper, and newsprint. Klee used a great variety of color palettes from nearly monochromatic to highly polychromatic. He often used geometric forms and grid format compositions as well as letters and numbers, frequently combined with playful figures of animals and people. Some works were completely abstract.
Paul Klee and his colleague, Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky, both taught at the Bauhaus school of art, design, and architecture in Germany. His works reflect his dry humor and his sometimes childlike perspective, his personal moods and beliefs, and his musicality.