Pablo Ruiz Picasso was an iconic Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, and theatre designer who spent most of his adult life in France. Associated most of all with pioneering Cubism, he also invented collage and made a major contribution to Surrealism. He saw himself above all as a painter, yet his sculpture was greatly influential, and he also explored areas as diverse as printmaking and ceramics. Finally, he was a famously charismatic personality, the leading figure in the Ecole de Paris.
His many relationships with women not only filtered into his art but also may have directed its course, and his behavior has come to embody that of the bohemian modern artist in the popular imagination.